Aging, Lifespan & Longevity

Reevaluation of the effect of dietary restriction on different recombinant inbred lines of male and female mice

4 weeks 2 days ago
Dietary restriction (DR) was reported to either have no effect or reduce the lifespan of the majority of the 41-recombinant inbred (RI) lines studied by Liao et al. (Aging Cell, 2010, 9, 92). In an appropriately power longevity study (n > 30 mice/group), we measured the lifespan of the four RI lines (115-RI, 97-RI, 98-RI, and 107-RI) that were reported to have the greatest decrease in lifespan when fed 40% DR. DR increased the median lifespan of female RI-115, 97-RI, and 107-RI mice and male...
Archana Unnikrishnan

Microenvironmental IL-6 inhibits anti-cancer immune responses generated by cytotoxic chemotherapy

4 weeks 2 days ago
Cytotoxic chemotherapeutics primarily function through DNA damage-induced tumor cell apoptosis, although the inflammation provoked by these agents can stimulate anti-cancer immune responses. The mechanisms that control these distinct effects and limit immunogenic responses to DNA-damage mediated cell death in vivo are currently unclear. Using a mouse model of BCR-ABL^(+) B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, we show that chemotherapy-induced anti-cancer immunity is suppressed by the tumor...
Eric H Bent

Identification of altered exosomal microRNAs and mRNAs in Alzheimer's disease

1 month ago
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by decreased memory and cognitive functions. Exosomes carry a variety of important information such as proteins, lipids, DNA and RNA of mother cells. It is reported that exosomes play critical roles in nervous system physiology and neurodegenerative diseases. However, the functions of exosomes in AD progression are not fully elucidated. In this study, we detected the expression pattern of mRNAs and miRNAs in...
Lining Su

Age-dependent integrity of the meiotic spindle assembly checkpoint in females requires Aurora kinase B

1 month ago
A hallmark of advanced maternal age is a significant increase in meiotic chromosome segregation errors, resulting in early miscarriages and congenital disorders. These errors most frequently occur during meiosis I (MI). The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) prevents chromosome segregation errors by arresting the cell cycle until proper chromosome alignment is achieved. Unlike in mitosis, the SAC in oocytes is desensitized, allowing chromosome segregation in the presence of improperly aligned...
Cecilia S Blengini

Lysosomal targetomics of <em>ghr KO</em> mice shows chaperone-mediated autophagy degrades nucleocytosolic acetyl-coA enzymes

1 month ago
Mice deficient for GHR (growth hormone receptor; ghr KO) have a dramatic lifespan extension, and elevated levels of hepatic chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). Using quantitative proteomics to identify protein changes in purified liver lysosomes and whole liver lysates, we provide evidence that elevated CMA in ghr KO mice downregulates proteins involved in ribosomal structure, translation initiation and elongation, and nucleocytosolic acetyl-coA production. Following up on these initial...
S Joseph Endicott

A trans-omic Mendelian randomization study of parental lifespan uncovers novel aging biology and therapeutic candidates for chronic diseases

1 month ago
The study of parental lifespan has emerged as an innovative tool to advance aging biology and our understanding of the genetic architecture of human longevity and aging-associated diseases. Here, we leveraged summary statistics of a genome-wide association study including over one million parental lifespans to identify genetically regulated genes from the Genotype-Tissue Expression project. Through a combination of multi-tissue transcriptome-wide association analyses and genetic colocalization,...
Nicolas Perrot

Innate immune remodeling by short-term intensive fasting

1 month ago
Previous studies have shown that long-term light or moderate fasting such as intermittent fasting can improve health and prolong lifespan. However, in humans short-term intensive fasting, a complete water-only fasting has little been studied. Here, we used multi-omics tools to evaluate the impact of short-term intensive fasting on immune function by comparison of the CD45^(+) leukocytes from the fasting subjects before and after 72-h fasting. Transcriptomic and proteomic profiling of CD45^(+)...
Jiawei Qian

Mitochondrial phenotypes in purified human immune cell subtypes and cell mixtures

1 month ago
Using a high-throughput mitochondrial phenotyping platform to quantify multiple mitochondrial features among molecularly defined immune cell subtypes, we quantify the natural variation in mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn), citrate synthase, and respiratory chain enzymatic activities in human neutrophils, monocytes, B cells, and naïve and memory T lymphocyte subtypes. In mixed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the same individuals, we show to what extent mitochondrial measures...
Shannon Rausser

Methionine as a double-edged sword in health and disease: Current perspective and future challenges

1 month ago
Methionine is one of the essential amino acids and plays a vital role in various cellular processes. Reports advocate that methionine restriction and supplementation provide promising outcomes, and its regulation is critical for maintaining a healthy life. Dietary methionine restriction in houseflies and rodents has been proven to extend lifespan. Contrary to these findings, long-term dietary restriction of methionine leads to adverse events such as bone-related disorders, stunted growth, and...
Umashanker Navik

Efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation on global cognition and neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment: A meta-analysis and systematic review

1 month ago
CONCLUSION: rTMS improved global cognition and NPS in those with AD. Further studies in MCI and using tDCS will help to fully evaluate the specific NIBS techniques and populations most likely to benefit on global cognition and NPS measures. Additional research should investigate the long term clinical utility of NIBS in these populations.
Johannes Teselink

Epidemiological and genetic overlap among biological aging clocks: New challenges in biogerontology

1 month ago
Estimators of biological age (BA) - defined as the hypothetical underlying age of an organism - have attracted more and more attention in the last years, especially after the advent of new algorithms based on machine learning and genetic markers. While different aging clocks reportedly predict mortality in the general population, very little is known on their overlap. Here we review the evidence reported so far to support the existence of a partial overlap among different BA acceleration...
Alessandro Gialluisi

Auditory sensory deprivation induced by noise exposure exacerbates cognitive decline in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease

1 month ago
Although association between hearing impairment and dementia has been widely documented by epidemiological studies, the role of auditory sensory deprivation in cognitive decline remains to be fully understood. To address this issue we investigated the impact of hearing loss on the onset and time-course of cognitive decline in an animal model of Alzheimer's disease (AD), that is the 3×Tg-AD mice and the underlying mechanisms. We found that hearing loss induced by noise exposure in the 3×Tg-AD...
Fabiola Paciello

Aging power spectrum of membrane protein transport and other subordinated random walks

1 month ago
Single-particle tracking offers detailed information about the motion of molecules in complex environments such as those encountered in live cells, but the interpretation of experimental data is challenging. One of the most powerful tools in the characterization of random processes is the power spectral density. However, because anomalous diffusion processes in complex systems are usually not stationary, the traditional Wiener-Khinchin theorem for the analysis of power spectral densities is...
Zachary R Fox

Bone marrow derived stromal cells from myelodysplastic syndromes are altered but not clonally mutated in vivo

1 month ago
The bone marrow (BM) stroma in myeloid neoplasms is altered and it is hypothesized that this cell compartment may also harbor clonal somatically acquired mutations. By exome sequencing of in vitro expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from n = 98 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and n = 28 healthy controls we show that these cells accumulate recurrent mutations in genes such as ZFX (n = 8/98), RANK (n = 5/98), and others. MDS derived MSCs display higher mutational burdens,...
Johann-Christoph Jann

The evolution of the Italian National Health Service

1 month ago
40 years ago, Italy saw the birth of a national, universal health-care system (Servizio Sanitario Nazionale [SSN]), which provides a full range of health-care services with a free choice of providers. The SSN is consistently rated within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development among the highest countries for life expectancy and among the lowest in health-care spending as a proportion of gross domestic product. Italy appears to be in an envious position. However, a rapidly...
Walter Ricciardi

Degradative tubular lysosomes link pexophagy to starvation and early aging in C. elegans

1 month ago
Organelle-specific autophagy directs degradation of eukaryotic organelles under certain conditions. Like other organelles, peroxisomes are subject to autophagic turnover at lysosomes. However, peroxisome autophagy (pexophagy) has yet to be analyzed in a live-animal system, limiting knowledge on its regulation during an animal's life. Here, we generated a tandem-fluorophore reporter that enabled real-time tracking of pexophagy in live Caenorhabditis elegans. We observed that pexophagy occurred at...
Dominique A Dolese

Study of mirtazapine for agitated behaviours in dementia (SYMBAD): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

1 month ago
BACKGROUND: Agitation is common in people with dementia and negatively affects the quality of life of both people with dementia and carers. Non-drug patient-centred care is the first-line treatment, but there is a need for other treatment when this care is not effective. Current evidence is sparse on safer and effective alternatives to antipsychotics. We assessed the efficacy and safety of mirtazapine, an antidepressant prescribed for agitation in dementia.
Sube Banerjee
22 minutes 45 seconds ago
Aging, Lifespan & Longevity
Aging: Latest results from PubMed
Subscribe to Aging, Lifespan & Longevity feed