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Alzheimer & Parkinson

Treating Alzheimer's Disease Using Nanoparticle-Mediated Drug Delivery Strategies/Systems

1 day ago
The administration of promising medications for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs), such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is significantly hampered by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Nanotechnology has recently come to light as a viable strategy for overcoming this obstacle and improving drug delivery to the brain. With a focus on current developments and prospects, this review article...
Aryan Kia Roghani

Endothelial DR6 in blood-brain barrier malfunction in Alzheimer's disease

2 days ago
The impairment of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been increasingly recognised as a critical element in the early pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), prompting a focus on brain endothelial cells (BECs), which serve as the primary constituents of the BBB. Death receptor 6 (DR6) is highly expressed in brain vasculature and acts downstream of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway to promote BBB formation during development. Here, we found that brain endothelial DR6 levels were significantly reduced in...
Xiaomin Huang

Neurofilaments as biomarkers in neurological disorders - towards clinical application

2 days ago
Neurofilament proteins have been validated as specific body fluid biomarkers of neuro-axonal injury. The advent of highly sensitive analytical platforms that enable reliable quantification of neurofilaments in blood samples and simplify longitudinal follow-up has paved the way for the development of neurofilaments as a biomarker in clinical practice. Potential applications include assessment of disease activity, monitoring of treatment responses, and determining prognosis in many acute and...
Michael Khalil

Subthalamic stimulation modulates context-dependent effects of beta bursts during fine motor control

3 days ago
Increasing evidence suggests a considerable role of pre-movement beta bursts for motor control and its impairment in Parkinson's disease. However, whether beta bursts occur during precise and prolonged movements and if they affect fine motor control remains unclear. To investigate the role of within-movement beta bursts for fine motor control, we here combine invasive electrophysiological recordings and clinical deep brain stimulation in the subthalamic nucleus in 19 patients with Parkinson's...
Manuel Bange

The neuroprotective effects of ferulic acid in toxin-induced models of Parkinson's disease: A review

3 days ago
Parkinson's disease is predominantly caused by dopaminergic neuron loss in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the accumulation of alpha-synuclein protein. Though the general consensus is that several factors, such as aging, environmental factors, mitochondrial dysfunction, accumulations of neurotoxic alpha-synuclein, malfunctions of the lysosomal and proteasomal protein degradation systems, oxidative stress, and neuroinflammation, are involved in the neurodegeneration process of Parkinson's...
Samira Hassani

Innovative Approaches to Alzheimer's Therapy: Harnessing the Power of Heterocycles, Oxidative Stress Management, and Nanomaterial Drug Delivery System

3 days ago
Alzheimer's disease (AD) presents a complex pathology involving amyloidogenic proteolysis, neuroinflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and cholinergic deficits. Oxidative stress exacerbates AD progression through pathways like macromolecular peroxidation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and metal ion redox potential alteration linked to amyloid-beta (Aβ). Despite limited approved medications, heterocyclic compounds have emerged as promising candidates in AD drug discovery. This review highlights...
Mohammad Umar

The co-oligomers of Abeta42 and human islet amyloid polypeptide exacerbate neurotoxicity and Alzheimer-like pathology at cellular level

3 days ago
The Aβ hypothesis has long been central to Alzheimer's disease (AD) theory, with a recent surge in attention following drug approvals targeting Aβ plaque clearance. Aβ42 oligomers (AβO) are key neurotoxins. While β-amyloid (Aβ) buildup is a hallmark of AD, postmortem brain analyses have unveiled human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) deposition in AD patients, suggesting a potential role in Alzheimer's pathology. This study investigates the neurotoxic effects of co-aggregates of Aβ42 and hIAPP,...
Jiajun Deng

Neural signatures of indirect pathway activity during subthalamic stimulation in Parkinson's disease

3 days ago
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) produces an electrophysiological signature called evoked resonant neural activity (ERNA); a high-frequency oscillation that has been linked to treatment efficacy. However, the single-neuron and synaptic bases of ERNA are unsubstantiated. This study proposes that ERNA is a subcortical neuronal circuit signature of DBS-mediated engagement of the basal ganglia indirect pathway network. In people with Parkinson's disease, we: (i) showed...
Leon A Steiner

Key genes and convergent pathogenic mechanisms in Parkinson disease

4 days ago
Parkinson disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder marked by the preferential dysfunction and death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. The onset and progression of PD is influenced by a diversity of genetic variants, many of which lack functional characterization. To identify the most high-yield targets for therapeutic intervention, it is important to consider the core cellular compartments and functional pathways upon which the varied forms of pathogenic dysfunction may...
Robert Coukos

Innate immune activation in neurodegenerative diseases

4 days ago
Activation of the innate immune system following pattern recognition receptor binding has emerged as one of the major pathogenic mechanisms in neurodegenerative disease. Experimental, epidemiological, pathological, and genetic evidence underscores the meaning of innate immune activation during the prodromal as well as clinical phases of several neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and frontotemporal dementia. Importantly,...
Sergio Castro-Gomez

Trial of Lixisenatide in Early Parkinson's Disease

4 days ago
CONCLUSIONS: In participants with early Parkinson's disease, lixisenatide therapy resulted in less progression of motor disability than placebo at 12 months in a phase 2 trial but was associated with gastrointestinal side effects. Longer and larger trials are needed to determine the effects and safety of lixisenatide in persons with Parkinson's disease. (Funded by the French Ministry of Health and others; LIXIPARK ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03439943.).
Wassilios G Meissner

MITOCHONDRIAL IMPORT STRESS and PINK1-MEDIATED MITOPHAGY: THE ROLE of the PINK1-TOMM-TIMM23 SUPERCOMPLEX

4 days ago
Mutations in the PINK1 kinase cause Parkinson disease (PD) through physiological processes that are not yet fully elucidated. PINK1 kinase accumulates selectively on damaged mitochondria, where it recruits the E3 ubiquitin ligase PRKN/Parkin to mediate mitophagy. Upon mitochondrial import failure, PINK1 accumulates in association with the translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane (TOMM). However, the molecular basis of this PINK1 accumulation on the TOMM complex remain elusive. We recently...
Mohamed A Eldeeb

Phasic locus coeruleus activity enhances trace fear conditioning by increasing dopamine release in the hippocampus

5 days ago
Locus coeruleus (LC) projections to the hippocampus play a critical role in learning and memory. However, the precise timing of LC-hippocampus communication during learning and which LC-derived neurotransmitters are important for memory formation in the hippocampus are currently unknown. Although the LC is typically thought to modulate neural activity via the release of norepinephrine, several recent studies have suggested that it may also release dopamine into the hippocampus and other cortical...
Jacob H Wilmot

Transcriptomic atlas of midbrain dopamine neurons uncovers differential vulnerability in a Parkinsonism lesion model

6 days ago
Midbrain dopamine (mDA) neurons comprise diverse cells with unique innervation targets and functions. This is illustrated by the selective sensitivity of mDA neurons of the substantia nigra compacta (SNc) in patients with Parkinson's disease, while those in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) are relatively spared. Here, we used single nuclei RNA sequencing (snRNA-seq) of approximately 70,000 mouse midbrain cells to build a high-resolution atlas of mouse mDA neuron diversity at the molecular level....
Behzad Yaghmaeian Salmani
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Alzheimer and Parkinson: Latest results from PubMed
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